Q21 : I’m worried ______ my exams.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘worried about’
Q22 : I’ve seen three ________ (a deer) in the forest today.
Explanation : There are some nouns which have the same form in the singular and in the plural: ONE DEER – TWO DEER
Q23 : I’ve heard ____________. I think we are not alone in the house.
Explanation : We use the pronoun ‘something’ to refer to things in affirmative sentences, while ‘anything’ in negative ones. ‘Any’ and ‘some’ are pronouns which don’t relate to the meaning of the sentence.
Q24 : If I __________ (to be) you I ____________ (not to swim) in cold water.
Explanation : When we speak about imaginary situations which differ from real facts in the present we use Conditional 2: If-clause (if + Past Simple) – Main Clause (would/could + present without ‘to’). The meaning of this sentence: in reality you swim in cold water so I recommend you not to do it.
Q25 : Tiffany: I’ll go to the GYM tomorrow.
Explanation : We change the Future Simple to the Conditional in Reported Speech: will – would. Also we change time expressions: tomorrow – the next day
Q26 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
Explanation : There is a certain word order in statements with the Past Continuous Tense: Subject – Auxiliary – Predicate with -ing ending – Object. When we need to use many adjectives in one sentence, they should be placed in the following order: Opinion – Size – Age – Shape – Colour – Origin – Material. ‘Fantastic’ is an opinion adjective and ‘Italian’ is an adjective of origin.
Q27 : My brother wants to become _ policeman.
Explanation : We use articles ‘a/an’ when we talk about jobs.
Q28 : It’s better to get rid of this toaster. It _________ more and more insecure.
Explanation : In this sentence we are talking about developing situation. ?So, in this case we should always use the Present Continuous Tense. This Tense is formed: Auxiliary (are/is/are) + Verb-ing.
Q 29 : I was going to a supermarket when the fire _____________ (to break) out.
Explanation : In this case the first action was in progress when suddenly something interrupted it. For a longer action we use the Past Continuous Tense. The second action was shorter so we should use the Past Simple Tense.
Q30 : Well, I ___________ (to take) this pair of shoes.
Explanation : We use the Future Simple Tense when we have no plan or decision before we speak. We make it at the time of speaking.
Q31 : New Year __________________ (to celebrate) all over the world.
Explanation : When we don’t know who carries out the action, or it is obvious or unimportant to us, we use the Passive voice. The Passive is formed: BE + Past Participle
Q32 : My car is too dirty. I ______________ clean it immediately.
Explanation : We use the modal verb ‘must’ when we talk about duties or when it is necessary to do something.
Q33 : I hate this town. I will never ________ (to return) here again.
Explanation : Phrasal verb ‘to go back’ means ‘to return’.
Q34 : Choose two forms of the verb ‘to run’ according to the order: Past Simple – Past Participle
Explanation : TO RUN – RAN -RUN
Q35 : If someone comes tell ______ to wait for a while.
Explanation : When we need to refer to a person after ‘someone’, ‘anyone’ and ‘no one’ we use the personal pronoun ‘they’. Here the pronoun has the position of the object. That is why we use the objective form – ‘them’.
Q36 : Monkey is ________ animal I’ve ever seen.
Explanation : When we compare a person or a thing with more than one person or one thing we use the superlative form of adjectives. If we use a two-syllable adjective ending in -y, -w, -ly we add ‘-est’ to it.
Q37 : ____________, he managed to do it.
Explanation : We use adverbs to describe time, degree, manner, etc. In other words adverbs help us get more information about the action or the place (where, when, how, how often, etc.) Many adverbs are formed from adding ‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’ to the adjective.
Q38 : The person ______ I phoned 2 days ago is my grandfather.
Explanation : What’ is a question word, it can not be used here. We use ‘which’ for animals and objects. ‘Whose’ refers to possession and ‘whom’ is used as an object.
Q39 : Jack has got some reasons ____ moving to London.
Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘reason for’
Q40 : We have no information about where he is but _____ least we know where he planned to go.
Explanation : It is correct to say ‘at least’
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