Q16 : I like to be surrounded _____ energetic and open-hearted people.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘surrounded by’.
Q17 : We don’t have enough ______ in our office
Explanation : The noun ‘postman’ has the irregular plural form: POSTMAN – POSTMEN
Q18 : We may not finish repairs in time. We need ___ extra hands.
Explanation : We use ‘some’ in positive sentences and ‘any’ in negative ones before countable or uncountable nouns. ‘Much’ and ‘a little’ are used before uncountable nouns
Q19 : Express regret about the past: Jacob regrets that he bought that car.
. Explanation : When we want to show regret about the past we usually use the construction [ I + wish + Past Perfect]. Other answers do not relate to the meaning.
Q20 : Use a suffix to form an adjective from a given word: accident
Explanation : We say ‘accidental’
Q21 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
Explanation : When we use phrasal verbs we should remember that some of them are separable while others can not be separated. ‘to fill in for someone’ belongs to inseparable phrasal verbs.
Q22 : Sport plays ____valuable role in my life.
Explanation : We use the article ‘a’ to refer to a sample of smth
Q23 : It’s 10 a.m. Jake _______ (already / to have) four cups of coffee this morning. Poor thing, he _______ (to work) all night long.
Explanation : 1. We use the Present Perfect for actions which happened in an unfinished period of time – this morning. 2. We use the Past Perfect Continuous to emphasize the duration of an action which was finished in the past.
Q24 : Darrel ________ (to decide) on a career of a software developer when he ________ (to be) twenty four. It _____ (not / to be) difficult because he _______ (to graduate) from IT college before.
Explanation : 1. We use the Past Simple for short actions in the past and actions which happened in a completed peroid of time: decided / was 24 / was difficult. 2. We use the Past Perfect to show that one action happened before another one: first he had graduated from the college and then he decided on a career.
Q25 : I suppose that Mary _______ (to quit) the project soon.
Explanation : We use ‘be going’ and ‘will’ for guesses and predictions. .
Q26: Transfer this Active voice sentence to the Passive one: Workers installed an air conditioning system at Jeremy’s house 3 days ago.
Explanation : We use the Causative Passive to say that some service was done / will be done for us by someone else. It is formed: [subject + causative verb + object + past participle]
Q27 : British scientists have finally ______ important research.
Explanation : We say ‘to do research’
Q28 : Patrick was so loud and noisy in the morning that I had to get up and _________ (to criticize smb angrily).
Explanation : Phrasal verb ‘to chew out’ means ‘to criticize smb angrily’ and ‘to rebuke someone severely’.
Q29 : Choose two forms of the verb ‘to wring’ according to the order: Past Simple – Past Participle
Explanation : TO WRING – WRUNG – WRUNG
Q30 : These two vases look rather similar, _______ they are the same shape and color
Explanation : ‘Inasmuch as’ is used to add a comment with more details, explain smth more clearly.
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