Q1 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
Explanation : There is a certain word order in statements with the Present Simple Tense: Subject – Auxiliary – Object. ‘New Zealand’ is a subject, ‘is’ – an auxiliary verb, ‘ about the same size as Great Britain or Japan’ – an object.
Q2 : He wrote a poem for her. _ poem was beautiful.
Explanation : We use ‘the’ with all kinds of nouns when we talk about definite and specific things. ‘The’ also goes before nouns mentioned for the second time.
Q3 : It __ (to get) colder. Do you really want to go out?
Explanation : In this sentence we are talking about temporary situation. Also we know that the action is happening at this certain moment. So, in this case we should always use the Present Continuous Tense. This Tense is formed: are/is/are + Verb-ing. With ing-ending the verb ‘get’ should be spelled with double ‘t’.
Q4 : Henry ____ (to talk) to his cousin while his wife was reading a newspaper.
Explanation : We use the Past Continuous Tense when we talk about two or more simultaneous actions in the past.
Q5 : He has to do so much today. He _____ (to be) tired after work.
Explanation : We use the Future Simple Tense when we talk about common actions and facts which will happen in the future.
Q6 : Jeremy is very unfriendly __ Kate.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘unfriendly to’
Q7 : I watched two ___ (a series) of Friends yesterday.
Explanation : There are some nouns which have the same form in the singular and in the plural: ONE SERIES – TWO SERIES
Q8 : There are ____ cats on the bench.
Explanation : Many’ is used before countable nouns. ‘Much’ and ‘a little’ – before uncountable. We use ‘any’ in negative sentences.
Q9 : If I ___ (to be) an actor I ___ (to choose) roles in action movies.
Explanation : When we speak about imaginary situations which differ from real facts in the present we use Conditional 2: If-clause (if + Past Simple) – Main Clause (would/could + present without ‘to’). The meaning of this sentence: in reality I’m not an actor
Q10 : Mary: I usually leave home at 9 o’clock.
Explanation : We change the Present Simple to the Past Simple in Reported Speech.
Q11 : This black dress is ___ than the blue one.
Explanation : When we compare two things or two people we use the comparative form of adjectives. If we use an adjective with three or more syllables we add ‘more’ before it.
Q12 : Susan plays the piano ___.
Explanation : We use adverbs to describe time, degree, manner, etc. In other words adverbs help us get more information about the action or the place (where, when, how, how often, etc.) Many adverbs are formed from adding ‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’ to the adjective.
Q13 : Tom asked me about Mary, __ travelled with us last summer.
Explanation : We use ‘who’ for people in relative clauses when ‘who’ is a subject. ‘Whose’ and ‘whom’ are used as objects. We use ‘which’ to refer to animals and objects.
Q14 : He doesn’t have any respect __ his relatives.
Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘respect for’
Q15 : Kate is always __ the phone talking about everything in the world.
Explanation : It is correct to say ‘on the phone’
Q16 : Opera Rigoletto ______ (to compose) by Giuseppe Verdi in 1851.
Explanation : Sometimes we need to change a sentence from the Active Voice into the Passive Voice. We can also know a person who carries out the action. In this case we use the Passive Voice and form a sentence according to this rule: ?Subject – Be+ Past Participle – Preposition ‘BY’ – Agent (who or what carries out the action). In this sentence the action took place at a certain time in the past, so we use the Past Simple Passive.
Q17 : He is a good sportsman, but he ______ stop smoking.
Explanation : We use the modal verb ‘should’ when we give advice or recommend something.
Q18 : I think it’s important ?_____ (to stay in good relationships) with your colleagues.
Explanation : Phrasal verb ‘to keep in’ means ‘to stay in good relationships with smb’.
Q19 : Choose ?two forms of the verb ‘to see’ according to the order: Past Simple – Past Participle
Explanation : TO SEE – SAW – SEEN
Q20 : We’ve bought a boat for ___
Explanation : When the same person is both the subject and the object in the sentence we use a reflexive pronoun after a verb or a preposition. ‘Ourselves’ is the right reflexive form of the personal pronoun ‘We’.
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