Q1 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
Explanation : If ‘hardly’ goes in the beginning of the sentence we should invert subject and predicate. Compare: Tom had reached (normal word order) – had Tom reached (inverted order)
Q2 : Do you know __ girl who is standing next to Caroline?
Explanation : We use ‘the’ with all kinds of nouns when we talk about definite and specific things.
Q3 : My parents ____ (to travel) since last May and they are not at home yet.
Explanation : We use the Present Perfect Continuous for actions that started in the past and continue in present. By using this tense we also emphasize the process.
Q4 : Charlie ___ (to come) home before Andy ____ (to finish) cooking.
Explanation : The first action (Charlie had come home) happened earlier than the second one (Andy finished cooking). To show this sequence we use Past Perfect and Past Simple one after another.
Q5 : Unfortunately, the desease ____ (still / to spread) during next few months.
Explanation : We use the Future Continuous Tense to show that the action is developing in the present and that we expect it to continue in the future.
Q6 : Surely he’s capable _ winning the prize.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘capable of’.
Q7 : They watched the performance through __ .
Explanation : Some nouns are always plural: SCISSORS/GLASSES/TROUSERS/JEANS/SHORTS/TIGHTS/PYGAMAS/NEWS/BINOCULARS etc.
Q8 : They have finally managed to complete the project without ___ help.
Explanation : We use ‘some’ in positive sentences and ‘any’ in negative ones. ‘Without’ refers to the negative meaning. ‘Many’ and ‘a few’ do not relate to the meaning of the sentence.
Q9 : Express disappointment with the present situation: George has to go shopping with his wife. But he doesn’t want to.
Explanation : To express disappointment with the present situation we usually use the construction [ I + wish + Past Simple]. Other answers do not relate to the meaning.
Q10 : Use a suffix to form an adjective from a given word: baby
Explanation : We say ‘babyish’
Q11 : It was ___ of Laura to keep silent in response to a stranger’s abuse in the subway.
Explanation : Sensitive’, ‘sentimental’ and ‘sensual’ don’t relate to the meaning of the sentence. In this sentence we speak about reasonable -‘sensible’ decision.
Q12 : ___ speaking, this song is utter garbage.
Explanation : It is correct to use the adverv ‘bluntly’. It means ‘direct manner of speaking’.
Q13 : This car needs ___ (to clean).
Explanation : Some verbs can be used both with the Gerund and the Infinitive. But in some cases the meaning of the sentence becomes different. Compare: needs to clean – smb has the necessity in cleaning / the car needs cleaning – the car needs to be cleaned by smb
Q14 : Her memory _ traveling in Europe will stay with her for a long time.
Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘memory of’.
Q15 : It’s not polite to leave ____ saying goodbye.
Explanation : It is correct to say ‘without saying’. Other answers are illogical.
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