Q1 : Audi or BMW: which do you like _____ ?
Q2 : Our team played ______ last month.
Explanation : We use adverbs to describe time, degree, manner, etc. In other words adverbs help us get more information about the action or a place (where, when, how, how often, etc.)They are formed by adding ‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’ to the adjective.
Q3 : Jeremy stopped _______ (to smoke) a year ago. He doesn’t want to start smoking anymore
Explanation : Some verbs can be used both with the Gerund and the Infinitive. But in some cases the meaning of the sentence becomes different. Compare: stopped to smoke – stopped one activity in order to start another one / stopped smoking – he doesn’t smoke anymore.
Q4 : His fear __ flying is always a problem.
Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘fear of’
Q5 : She always stands out for what she believes __ .
Explanation : It is correct to say ‘believe in’.
Q6 : Transfer this Active Voice sentence into the Passive one: French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi designed the statue of Liberty.
Explanation : In this sentence the action took place at in the past, so we use the Past Simple Passive: was/were + Past Participle. Answer 3 is illogical because the statue of Liberty can not be the doer of an action.
Q7 : My neighbors _______ a terrible noise every evening.
Explanation : We say ‘to make a noise’.
Q8 : Oh, don’t pay attention to me, _______ (to continue) your conversation, please.
Explanation : Phrasal verb ‘to carry on’ means ‘to go on or continue with smth’.
Q9 : Choose two forms of the verb ‘to tear’ according to the order: Past Simple – Past Participle
Explanation : TO TEAR – TORE – TORN
Q10 : John had been playing football all morning. ________ he’s exhausted
Explanation : When we talk about a result we use ‘so, therefore, as a result, for this reason’. Notice that they are usually come at the beginning of the sentence but it is possible for ‘so’ and ‘therefore’ to take also a middle position. Other given linking words do not relate to the meaning of the sentence.
Q11 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
Explanation : When we say ‘give smth to smb’ we place the indirect object after the direct object: Robert gave a cookie to the child. But when we omit ‘to’ the indirect object should be placed in front of the direct object. Answers 3 and 4 do not follow the word order: Subject – Verb – Object
Q12 : The last eruption of __ Kilimanjaro volcano happened about 200 years ago.
Explanation : ‘The’ is not used before names of volcanoes.
Q13 : Where’s Monica? I haven’t seen her since Monday. – She’s at home. She ______ (recently / to break) her arm.
Explanation : If we see in the present the result of the event which happened in the past – we use the Past Perfect. Here: Monica’s broken arm is the result of some accident of the past. The Present Perfect Tense is formed: has/have + Verb (-ed/Past Participle)
Q14 : The children were making origami when their babysitter ______ (to call) them to dinner.
Explanation : In this case the first action was in progress when suddenly the second one interrupted it. For a longer action we use the Past Continuous Tense. The second action was shorter so we use the Past Simple Tense.
Q15 : If I’m elected the Head of the company, I _____ (to raise) wages.
Explanation : When we talk about promises we usually use the Future Simple Tense
Q16 : Jane is not very keen ___ sport.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘keen on’
Q17 : Tom Harris, a 36-year-old firefighter, saved 3 _____ after a fire broke out in a house.
Explanation : Some nouns have spelling changes in plural. A LIFE – NINE LIVES.
Q18 : I need ______ money. Jeremy, could you borrow me 3 dollars?
Explanation : ‘A few’ is used with countable nouns and means ‘some’. ‘A little’ is used with uncountable nouns and also means ‘some’. ‘Any’ is used in negative sentences. ‘Many’ is used with countable nouns.
Q19 : Express regret about the past: It’s a pity that I didn’t know her before.
Explanation : When we want to show regret about the past we usually use the construction [ I + wish + Past Perfect]. Other answers do not relate to the meaning.
Q20 : Use a prefix to make a word negative: competent
Explanation : We say ‘competent – incompetent
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