Q1 : Homer describes the_________ customs of the Greeks in his poem ‘The Odyssey’.
Explanation : ‘Immemorial’ means ‘ancient’.
Q2 : We all were sitting silently and waiting ________ for the news from the hospital.
Explanation : ‘Patiently’ means in a calm and quiet manner.
Q3 : We planned _______ (to get) there by 6 p.m.
Explanation : ‘Plan’ requires the Infinitive.
Q4 : A departure ____ normal blood pressure can cause many diseases.
Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘departure from’.
Q5 : Alex was sleeping ______ the lecture.
Explanation : We should use ‘during’ in the meaning of ‘within a certain period’
Q6 : Tyler looks very pale. It seems he’s ill ____ fever or flu.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘ill with’.
Q7 : Gabriela lives in Sao Paulo. She is a _______ .
Explanation : Sao Paolo (city) – Paulistano (a person who lives in Sao Paolo)
Q8 : Formal writing: _______ water is wasted.
Explanation : In formal writing we use ‘much or plenty of’. ‘Many’ is used with countable nouns.
Q9 : It’s late. If our neighbor _____(not to turn) off the music in 5 minutes, I _____ (to call) the police.
Explanation : When we speak about probable situations in the present or future we use Conditional 1: If-clause (if + Present Simple) – Main Clause (future/modal + present without ‘to’)
Q10 : Find the correct word formation chain (noun – adjective – verb): administration
Explanation : We say ‘administrator – administrative – administrate’
Q11 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
. Explanation : The majority of transitive phrasal verbs are separable. Therefore, we can place the particle before the noun objects or after them. But we should remember that we place the particle after the verb if the noun is a part of a long and complicated phrase: tried out an extremely unusual and weird gear (CORRECT) / tried an extremely unusual and weird gear out (WRONG)
Q12 :Mr. Rogers is one of _______ best engineers in our company.
Explanation : We use ‘the’ before superlative adjectives.
Q13 : My family ________ (to have) supper now. But _______ (to have) a high temperature at the moment and I’m too weak to join them.
Explanation : When we talk about things in general, permanent situations and states or things that happen sometimes, we use the Present Simple Tense. When we describe an event that is happening in the moment of speaking we use the Present Continuous. Remember that some stative verbs (feel, have, see, seem, look, etc.) can be used in continuous form but with the change in meaning. Here: has – refers to possession / is having – means ‘is eating’
Q14 : When I ________ (to enter) the room Mike _________ (to play) the guitar. He _______ (to play) all evening and ________ (to do) nothing about the house.
Explanation : 1. We use the Past Simple for short completed actions in the past: enetered the room. 2. We use the Past Continuous for interrupted actions which were in progress in the past – was playing the guitar. 3. We use the Past perfect Continuous to emphasize the duration of some action in the past – had been playing all evening. 4. We use here the Past Perfect to emphasize the result – had done nothing
Q15 : This time tomorrow I ________ (to cook) while Jim ________ (to clean) the car.
Explanation : We use the Future Continuous to emphasize that the action will be in progress in the future. Here the Future Continuous shows 2 simultaneous actions
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