Q1 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
Explanation : When a sentence starts with ‘never before’ subject and predicate (that go after it) are usually inverted. In spoken language it is possible to use option 2, but formally it is not correct. Other answers are illogical or wrong.
Q2 : His son plays __cello skillfully.
Explanation : ‘The’ is used before names of musical instruments.
Q3 : Paul ___ (to read) this book for over two months.
Explanation : We use the Present Perfect Continuous to emphasise the duration of the action.
Q4 : It ___ (to happen) last year. I ___ (to swim) in the sea when unexpectedly I ___ (to see) the burning ship.
Explanation : 1. ‘last year’ is a hint to use the Past Simple: happened. 2. For a longer action in the past we use the Past Continuous and for a short one – the Past Simple: was swimming / saw
Q 5 : By the time Katie __ (to leave) she ____ (to be) in Rome for a year.
Explanation : When we want to show that the action will continue up until another one in the future we use the Future Perfect.
Q6 : The song ‘I will always love you’ ___(to compose) by a singer Dolly Parton in 1974.
Explanation : Sometimes we need to change a sentence from the Active Voice into the Passive Voice. We can also know a person who carries out the action. In this case we use the Passive Voice and form a sentence according to this rule: Subject – Be+ Past Participle – Preposition ‘BY’ – Agent (who or what carries out the action). In this sentence the action took place at a certain time in the past, so we use the Past Simple Passive.
Q7 : I’m so tired. I need to __ a walk in the park.
Explanation : We say ‘to take a walk’.
Q8: ____ (to be attentive to probable risk) icicles on the roof.
Explanation : Phrasal verb ‘to watch out for’ means ‘to be attentive to probable risk’.
Q9 : Choose two forms of the verb ‘to unsay’ according to the order: Past Simple – Past Participle
Explanation : TO UNSAID – UNSAID
Q10 : Barbara stopped ____ to text Brian.
Explanation : To text Brian’ is a purpose why Barbara stopped. When we introduce a purpose we use ‘in order/so as + to-infinitive’ or ‘so (that)/in order (that) + clause’. Other given linking words do not relate to the meaning of the sentence.
Q11 : Well, I’ve got an idea how to transform this terrible place into a __ cosy shelter
Explanation : Lovely’ means ‘charming’, while ‘loving’ means – ‘feeling love’, ‘beloved’ means – ‘loved very much’ and ‘loveless’ means – ‘unloved’.
Q12 : It’s cold outside. You have to dress up ___ !
Explanation : We use adverbs to describe time, degree, manner, etc. In other words adverbs help us get more information about the action or a place (where, when, how, how often, etc.)They are formed by adding ‘-ly’ or ‘-ily’ to the adjective.
Q13 : Mrs. Burton seemed ____ (to be) happy.
Explanation : ‘Seem’ requires the Infinitive. We cannot use the Gerund with this verb.
Q14 : Paul fell heir ___ his grandfather’s fortune and property.
Explanation : We should remember that some nouns are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘to fall heir to’.
Q15 : Harry will be late for the performance ___ an extremely long traffic jam.
Explanation : We use ‘because of’ to show the reason.
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