Phrasal verbs वे क्रियाए है जिनका प्रयोग अकेले न होकर किसी preposition या adverb के साथ होता है। phrasal verb दो प्रकार के होते है। 1= verb followed by preposition जैसे: come round , go on.आदि । 2=verb followed by adverbial particles ,जैसे: Take after,make up.आदि। ??कुछः महत्वपूर्ण phrasal verbs ?Break 1=break down (collapse) ?The engine of my car broke down. 2=Break through(make a way through) ?The cattle have broken through. 3=Break off (stop talking suddenly) ?She broke off in the middle of his argument . 4=Break up(disperse ) ?The crowd broke up as the police started tear gas. ?Carry 1=Carry away(bear off) ?The crowd carried away a silver ring. 2=Carry out(execute) ?He did not the ability to carry out the plan. 3=carry off (kill) ?Cholera had carried off half the people of the village. _4=carry on(continue)_ ?The conversation was carried on in a low tone. ?Come 1=come about (happen) ?How did it come about that you went to live in rajasthan . 2=come on (progress) ?The seedling are coming on nicely._ 3=come by(acquire) ?How did you come by that chinese camera. 4=came in(arrive find a place ) ?The train came in ten minute late. ?Fall 1=fall away(revolt ,became lean) ?The whole country has fallen away. 2=fall back(retreat) _?Nepoleon had to fall back from Moscow._ 3=fall off(decline) ?His income has been falling of during the last two or three year.
?Get 1=get out of(escape) ?It is easier to get into debt than to get out of it. 2=get ahead (advance) ?Pooja got ahead of her brother in games . 3=get along(prosper) ?She seems to be getting alone well in her business. 4= get on ( advance ) ?How is your son getting on at school. 5=get back(return) ?He has just got back from his long journey. ?Give 1=give away (part with) ?He never gave away a paisa in his life. 2=give over (hand over) ?Pooja gave over charge of her office to her successor . _3=give in(yield )_ ?Though defeated ,he would not give in. 4=give off(exhale) ?These flowers give off their fragenence at night. ?Keep 1=keep from (abstain) ?She cannot keep from the use of tobacco. 2=keep on (continue) ?In spite of difficulties ,she kept on slowly and steadly . 3=keep back(conceal) ?She will keep nothing back from you. 4=keep off(remain at distance) ?These curtain are meant to keep off mosquitoes.
Phrasal verb - CALL
Call up To phone somebody ( टेलीफोन करना) I called him up as soon as I got the news. (मुझे जैसे ही खबर मिली, मैंने उसे फोन किया।) To summon for military service, especially during a war (सेना में भर्ती के लिए आदेश) The army called up the retired soldiers when the war broke out. (युद्ध छिड़ने पर सेना के सेवानिवृत्त सैनिकों को सेना में भर्ती होने का आदेश दिया।) To make you remember or recall something (स्मरण करना) Seeing her again called up all those old memories. (उसे देखकर फिर से उन सभी पुराने यादों को स्मरण किया।) Select someone to play on a team (बुलाना) Yuvraj Singh was called up to play Champions Trophy. (युवराज सिंह को चैंपियंस ट्रॉफी खेलने के लिए बुलाया गया।)
Call out Order or request help from someone (सहायता के लिए बुलाना) They called out the fire services when they saw the flames. (उन्होंने आग सेवाओं को सहायता के लिए बुलाया, जब उन्होंने आग की लपटों को देखा।)
Call round To visit someone (किसी से मिलना) Thank you for calling round, I really appreciate it. (मिलने के लिए धन्यवाद, मैं वास्तव में इसे सराहता हूँ।)
Call at Enter a harbour or station (बंदरगाह/ स्टेशन पर आना) The cruise ship called at Kandla port. (क्रूज जहाज कांडला बंदरगाह पर आया।)
Call in To phone (फोन करना) I will call in whenever I have a chance. (मेरे पास जब भी मौका होगा मैं फ़ोन करूंगा।) to request that someone come to have a talk (बुलाना) The board called the manager in for a private meeting. (बोर्ड में एक निजी बैठक के लिए प्रबंधक में बुलाया।) To ask someone to enter a room (निमंत्रण देना) My boss called me in to his office yesterday morning to give me a warning because I came to work late three times this week. to formally request (usually by mail) that something be returned (वापस लेना) The car company called many cars back in for repairs. (कार कंपनी ने कई कारों को मरम्मत के लिए वापस किया।) to ask someone to help (सहायता के लिए बुलाना) The mayor called in the police to provide extra security for the conference. (मेयर ने सम्मेलन की अतिरिक्त सुरक्षा की सहायता के लिए पुलिस को बुलाया।)
Call off To cancel an organised event (रद्द करना) The concert had to be called of because the singer went down with flu. (संगीत कार्यक्रम को रद्द करना पड़ा क्योंकि गायक फ्लू के कारण बिमार हो गया।) To stop doing an activity (रोकना) They called off the engagement ceremony at the last minute. (उन्होंने अंतिम क्षण में सगाई की रस्म रोक दी।)