Q1 : The poem My Heart’s in the Highlands _____ (to write) by Robert Burns.
3. was written✔
4. will be written
Explanation : Sometimes we need to change a sentence from the Active voice into the Passive voice. We can also know a person who carries out the action. In this case we form a sentence according to this rule: Subject – Be+ Past Participle – Preposition ‘BY’ – Agent (who or what carries out the action)
Q2 : ______ you tell me where Trafalgar Square is?
Explanation : We use the modal verb ‘could’ when we ask somebody to do something politely.
Q3 : Mike, _______ (to move quickly)! It’s almost 10 o’clock!
1. grow up
2. hurry up✔
3. turn up
4. give up
Explanation : Phrasal verb ‘to hurry up’ is used when we want somebody to do something more quickly.
Q4 : Choose two forms of the verb ‘to drive’ according to the order: Past Simple – Past Participle
1. drove – driven✔
2. drove – drove
3. driven – driven
4. driven – drove
Explanation : TO DRIVE – DROVE – DRIVEN
Q5 : Sarah spoke to Brad Pitt ___ .
Explanation : We use here ‘himself’ to show the importance of an object. In this sentence we mean that the fact of conversation with a certain person – Brad Pitt – was very important to Sarah.
Q 6 : Choose the sentence with the right word order
1. A federation is Australia of six states.
2. A federation of six states Australia is.
3. Australia of six states is a federation.
4. Australia is a federation of six states.✔
Explanation : There is a certain word order in statements with the Present Simple Tense: Subject – Auxiliary – Object. ‘Australia’ is a subject, ‘is’ – an auxiliary verb, ‘a federation of six states’ – an object.
Q7 : I bought some cheese, ten apples and _ bottle of wine
Explanation : We use the article ‘a’ with singular countable nouns also to show the quantity – only one.
Q8 : Look! Your puppy ___ (to swim)!
2. is swiming
3. is swimming✔
Explanation : The verb ‘look’ means (in this sentence) that the action is happening at this certain moment. So, in this case we should use the Present Continuous Tense. This Tense is formed: are/is/are + Verb-ing. ‘Swim’ should be spelled with double ‘m’.
Q 9 : I ______(to drive) home at 7 p.m. yesterday.
1. was driving✔
Explanation : We use the Past Continuous Tense when we talk about an action which was in progress at a certain time in the past and if we don’t mention when it was started or finished.
Q10 : Kate doesn’t know whether she ______ (to go) to Amsterdam next summer.
1. is going to go
2. will go✔
4. shall go
Explanation : We use the Future Simple Tense when we talk about common actions and facts which will happen in the future. Also it is used in case when we haven’t made a certain decision about the future yet.
Q11 : I’m very disappointed ___ the defeat of my favourite football team.
Explanation : We should remember that some adjectives are used with specific prepositions after them: ‘disappointed with’
Q 12 : There are three __ (a brush) on the bathroom shelf.
Explanation : We add ending -es to a noun after -s/-sh/-ch/-x
Q13 : We don’t have ___ bread.
4. a few
Explanation : Much’ is used before uncountable nouns. ‘Many’, ‘a few’ and ‘many’ – before countable. We use ‘some’ in positive sentences.
Q14 : If the weather __ (to be) fine next Sunday, we ___ (to go) to the park.
1. is/will go✔
2. will be/go
4. will be/will go
Explanation : When we speak about probable situations in the present or future we use Conditional 1: If-clause (if + Present Simple) – Main Clause (future/modal + present without ‘to’) or If-clause (if + Present Simple) – Main Clause (future + HAVE TO, OUGHT TO, BE TO + present without ‘to’).
Q15 : Alex: ”I don’t like onion”
1. Alex said that she hadn’t liked onion.
2. Alex said that she would like onion.
3. Alex said that she didn’t like onion.✔
4. Alex said that she wasn’t liking onion.
Explanation : We change the Present Simple to the Past Simple in Reported Speech.